Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was an American soldier and statesman who served as the seventh President of the United States from 1829 to 1837. Before being elected to the presidency, Jackson gained fame as a general in the United States Army and served in both houses of Congress.
Andrew Jackson was the first Irish-American to become President and also the only American President in history to pay off national debt.
He was the first Westerner to be elected president. From a rough background and was an orphan. He fought his way to leadership through the common people.
In 1806, Jackson was shot in the chest. The bullet missed his heart by barely more than one inch. He carried the bullet in his chest for the rest of his life.
At the age of 14, he lost his whole family; father, mother and his two brothers.
He was a war hero, having defeated the British in 1815 at the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812. He suffered a casualty of only 71 as opposed to the British who lost over 2000 men.
He was the only President to have been a former Prisoner of War, having been captured by the British during the Revolutionary War.
Jackson was a Freemason, initiated at Harmony Lodge No. 1 in Tennessee; he also participated in chartering several other lodges in Tennessee. He was the only U.S. president to have served as Grand Master of a state’s Grand Lodge until Harry S. Truman in 1945.
He engaged in around 5 to 100 duels. In 1806, Jackson was shot in the chest. The bullet missed his heart by barely more than one inch. He carried the bullet in his chest for the rest of his life.
Jackson had a ferocious temper: He killed a man in a duel in 1806 for insulting his wife, Rachel, who died shortly before Jackson took over control of the country.
He won the popular vote for president three times but he served for two terms.
“My dear children, and friends, and servants, I hope and trust to meet you all in Heaven, both white and black—both white and black.”- Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), 7th President of the United States (1829-1837).
At his inauguration, after his speech, the crowd swarmed into the White House for a reception. They mixed freely, broke china and glass and roamed through the mansion as if it were their own home. Jackson had to flee through a rear door.
President Andrew Jackson was the target of the first attempted presidential assassination in 1830. The assailant misfired and Jackson chased him with his cane.
He was a notorious gambler.
Jackson married his wife, Rachel, before she had been legally divorced from her first husband. They had no children.
His wife died after he had been elected President, but before he could move to the White House. Hence, his niece-in-law and daughter-in-law acted as First Ladies for the duration of his eight-year term.
He had more than 150 slaves but according to historians, he was kind to them.
On his deathbed, Andrew Jackson regretted not hanging his Vice President, John C. Calhoun to death.
He died of tuberculosis on June 8, 1845 with a scar on his face and two bullets still in his chest at the age of 78.
Jackson’s pet parrot attended his funeral service in 1845, but had to be removed after he used foul language.
His last words were, “My dear children, and friends, and servants, I hope and trust to meet you all in Heaven, both white and black—both white and black.”
Ayomide Akinbode holds a degree in Chemistry but has a passion for History and Classics. When he is not writing, he’s either sleeping or playing Scrabble.