Long before European colonization, Africa had its own forms of trade, science, art, and other measures of civilization.
Idris Alooma was known by the Kanuri title of Mai for a king...
The Ghana Empire was situated in the western Sudan region, present-day Mauritania and Mali; crammed between the north and south of the Empire are the Sahara and the rainforests respectively.
Sultan Moulay Ismail was so protective of his four wives and 500 concubines that any man who just looked at any one of them was punished by death.
Patrice Lumumba became Congo's first prime minister just as Belgium, the colonial ruler of the region, was preparing to grant her independence on June 30, 1960.