In some African cities, climate change is manifest in rising sea levels, increasing temperatures, and changes in rainfall patterns leading to floods or severe droughts. Since 1970, Africa has experienced more than 2,000 natural disasters, with just under half taking place between the years 2000 to 2009.
In June 2017, President Donald Trump of the United States announced the withdrawal of his country from the Paris climate agreement which weakened international efforts to reduce fossil-fuel emissions and lessen global warming (climate change).
The deal which was signed by 195 countries, is, however, crucial for Africa, given the far-ranging impact of these harmful greenhouse gases.
Climate Change (Global Warming) in Africa
Although, Africa emits a low amount of harmful gasses, it is particularly vulnerable to global warming and its effects.
At 3.8%, the whole continent accounts for the smallest share of global greenhouse gas emissions. This is in contrast to the 23% in China, 19% in the US, and 13% in Europe and the United Kingdom.
According to the Africa Growth Initiative, Africa also has 7 out of the 10 countries that are considered the most threatened by climate change all over the world. The extreme weather events are also taking a toll on African cities—which are growing rapidly—and is threatening the livelihoods of millions of people across the continent.
In the video below, we take a look at five (5) cities in Africa that are most susceptible and vulnerable to climate change.
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